California Has One of Worst Lawsuit Climates in Country, Business Survey Shows

California has one of the worst lawsuit climates in the country, affecting companies’ decisions on whether to do business in the state, according to a recent survey of senior U.S. business executives.

The state comes almost last in the overall national ranking, at No. 48,  in the 2019 Lawsuit Climate Survey: Ranking the States, conducted for the U.S. Chamber Institute for Legal Reform by The Harris Poll.

The survey confirms that a state’s litigation environment has an impact on important business decisions, such as where to locate or do business. In fact, 89% of survey respondents reported that a state’s litigation environment is likely to affect important business decisions at their companies, which could have economic consequences for California.

Survey Findings

Survey respondents were asked to rank the state a whole, rather than focus on specific cities or counties.

In an effort to pinpoint the states’ strengths and weaknesses, the survey asked respondents about 10 key areas of state liability systems. These key element areas were then organized by the top five best and worst states.

California landed in the “Worst” category for 9 out of the 10 key areas; it did not land in any “Best” category. The state stands among the worst in: enforcing meaningful venue requirements; overall treatment of tort and contract litigation; treatment of class action suits and mass consolidation suits; damages; proportional discovery; trial judges’ impartiality; trial judges’ competence; juries’ fairness; and quality of appellate review.

When asked to single out specific cities or counties that might affect a state’s ranking, respondents identified 2 out of the 5 worst jurisdictions as being located in California: San Francisco and Los Angeles.


The final survey results are based on interviews with a national sample of 1,307 in-house general counsel, senior litigators or attorneys, and other senior executives who are knowledgeable about litigation matters at public and private companies with annual revenue of at least $100 million. The general counsel, senior litigators or attorneys, and other senior executives included in the study were involved in or are very familiar with litigation in the states they evaluated within the last five years. On average, each telephone respondent evaluated four states, and each online respondent evaluated seven states. As a result, these 1,307 individual respondents represent a total of 8,423 responses or state evaluations.

The sampling variation (or error) that applies to the results for this survey is plus or minus 2.7 percentage points.

Full Survey

To read 2019 Lawsuit Climate Survey: Ranking the States, visit

The California Chamber of Commerce is the largest, broad-based business advocate to government in California, working at the state and federal levels to influence government actions affecting all California business. As a not-for-profit, we leverage our front-line knowledge of laws and regulations to provide affordable and easy-to-use compliance products and services.