Trading Partner Portal: China
In May 2017, Chinese President Xi Jinping announced at the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation that China will hold a China International Import Expo (CIIE) November 5 – 10, 2018 at the National Exhibition and Convention Center in Shanghai. It is a significant move for the Chinese government to hold CIIE to give firm support to trade liberalization and economic globalization and actively open the Chinese market to the world. It facilitates countries and regions all over the world to strengthen economic cooperation and trade, and to promote global trade and world economic growth in order to make the world economy more open.
The Hosts, the Ministry of Commerce of the People’s Republic of China and Shanghai Municipal People’s Government are joined by supporters including the World Trade Organization, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, and United Nations Industrial Development Organization.
The Chinese government is welcoming government officials, business communities, exhibitors and professional purchasers across the world to participate in CIIE and to explore the Chinese market. The China International Import Expo Bureau National Exhibition and Convention Center (Shanghai) Co., Ltd. would like to work with all countries, regions and international organizations to make CIIE a world-class Expo, providing new channels for countries and regions to do business, strengthen cooperation and promote common prosperity of the world economy and trade. China International Import Expo
According to the U.S. State Department, China has been one of the world’s fastest growing economies over the past several years, and its efforts to reform and modernize have helped transform China into a large trading economy.
U.S.-China trade has risen rapidly over the past several decades. Total trade in goods between the two nations has increased from $4.8 billion in 1980 to $659.84 billion in 2018. U.S. exports to China in 2018 were approximately $120.3 billion.
For the first six months of 2019, amid trade tensions with China causing imports from China to decrease by 12 percent and exports to China to decrease by 19 percent, Mexico supplanted China as the top trading partner of the U.S. (Freight Waves, August, 2019)
In 2018, China continued as California’s 3rd largest export destination, with approximately $16.34 billion in exports. Computer and electronic products accounted for 25.6 percent of exports, totaling $4.18 billion. Non-electrical machinery brought in $2.58 billion, accounting for 15.8 percent and transportation equipment brought in $2.05 billion with 12.6 percent. This was followed by chemicals with $1.4 billion and 8.7 percent. U.S. Dept. of Commerce
China was the third fastest-growing source of total FDI stock in the U.S. in 2016, investing $58 billion in the U.S. U.S. FDI into China totaled $92 billion in 2016. Chinese FDI into the U.S. supported 43,800 jobs and contributed $3.5 billion to expanding U.S. exports and another $545 million to research and development. The top industry sectors of Chinese FDI are software and IT services, electronic components, communications, industrial machinery, business services, and auto components. Select USA
FDI based on balance of payments and direct investment position from China into the U.S. totaled $39.5 billion in 2017, and FDI from the U.S. into China totaled $107.5 in the same year (Bureau of Economic Analysis).
In Southern California, the number eight country for FDI through foreign-owned enterprises (FOEs) is China. Chinese FOEs in Southern California provide almost 16,000 jobs through over 450 firms. This amounts to $990 million in wages. The top sectors of Chinese FOEs are professional and business services, information, transportation warehousing and utilities, manufacturing, and wholesale trade. (LA Business Journal, V. 40 No. 21, 2018)
Fact Sheet: Economic and Trade Agreement Between the United States of America and the People’s Republic of China: Agriculture and Seafood Related Provisions
GOP House Ways and Means Committee, January 15, 2020
GET THE FACTS: What you need to know about the Phase 1 Trade Agreement with China
GOP House Ways and Means Committee, January 15, 2020
Fact Sheet: Agreement Between the U.S.- and the People’s Republic of China
U.S. Trade Representative, December 13, 2019
Brown Launches California-China Climate Think Tank
Politico, September 23, 2019
Report: The China Toll Deepens – Growth in the Bilateral Trade Deficit Between 2001 and 2017 Cost 3.4 Million U.S. Jobs, with Losses in Every State and Congressional District
The Economic Policy Institute, October 23, 2018
China to Focus on Imports with International Expo in November
CalChamber, January 26, 2018
Understanding the U.S.-China Trade Relationship
US-China Business Council and Oxford Economics, January 2017
GO-Biz Launches California-China Trade Network
Governor’s Office of Business and Economic Development, April 13, 2016
California-China Office of Trade and Investment
Governor’s Office of Business and Economic Development
According to a report by the Bay Area Council Economic Institute from 2006 to 2012, U.S. exports to China doubled to $110.5 billion; imports from China increased by nearly 48 percent, to $425.6 billion. The report also noted that China is the no. 2 ranked country for Bay Area businesses abroad, with 795 Bay Area affliliates there.
Characteristics of travelers from China to California – 2014
Read more about the importance of U.S.-China Trade Relations
2013 China Trade Mission with Governor Brown
California Chamber of Commerce members joined Governor Edmund G. Brown Jr. in April 2013 on a eight-day mission to China with a goal to expand trade and investment between California and China by identifying opportunities of mutual benefit.
With more investment deals from China than any other state, California is positioned to capture China’s growing foreign investment.
The delegation traveled throughout China and opened a California Trade and Investment Office in Shanghai. This is California’s first official permanent presence in China in nearly a decade. As ambassadors for California, the delegation took the next step to ensure the state’s leading role in attracting Chinese investment.
Governor Brown Leads Successful Trade/Investment Mission to China,
CalChamber Top Story, April 19, 2013
California to Open New Trade and Investment Offices in China
CalChamber, February 21, 2012
2013 Trade Mission Blog
- Day 1: Arrival in Beijing: April 8, 2013
- Day 2: Trade Briefing & More: April 9, 2013
- Day 3: Governor; Investment Forum: April 10, 2013
- Day 4: China-California Dialogue: April 11, 2013
- Day 5: California>ev-China Office Opens: April 12, 2013
- Mission Accomplishments
2010 Asia Trade Mission
September 9 – 15, 2010
CalChamber Joins Governor on Successful Asia Trade Mission
CalChamber, September 21, 2010
2005 China Trade Mission
Strengthening Trade Ties, Building New Opportunities
CalChamber President Allan Zaremberg joined Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger, members of the press and other members of the business delegation six-day trade mission to China to market California agriculture, encourage tourism, discuss intellectual property rights and promote business investment in the state.
“The business and trade mission to mainland China led by Governor Schwarzenegger will serve to strengthen ties and increase economic opportunitiesin the world’s largest marketplace of 1.2billion people,” said Susanne Stirling, vice president of international affairs for the Chamber and member of the business delegation.
- CalChamber Joins Governor on Trade Mission to China
11-18-05 Alert Newsletter (pdf)
- CalChamber Boosts Trade Links on Successful China Mission
12-2-05 Alert Newsletter (pdf)
- Tejon Showcases Industrial Complex to Chinese Exporters
12-16-05 Alert Newsletter (pdf)
- McWong Technology Helps Shanghai Steel Plant Handle Wastewater
1-6-06 Alert Newsletter (pdf)
- Visit Strengthens Chevron’s Established Role in Chinese Energy Sector 1-27-06 Alert Newsletter (pdf)
- Trip Spotlights Fastest-Growing Sector for United Airlines Asia Market 2-17-06 Alert Newsletter (pdf)
Dinner with Chinese Consul General in SF and Business Community
In March of 2019, the business community gathered at the residence of the Consul General of China in San Francisco, Ambassador Wang Donghua, for a dinner. The group discussed current trade and investment issues between China and California.
CalChamber Welcomes New Consul General of China in San Francisco
On Monday, August 20, the new Consul General of China in San Francisco, Ambassador Wang Donghua, visited the California Chamber of Commerce. The delegation from the Chinese Consulate, welcomed the continued partnership with the CalChamber under the new Consul General’s leadership.
Topics included the importance of trade between California and China and the current trade dispute with tariffs. All agreed on the importance of a process for resolution to be established prior to the upcoming midterm U.S. elections. There also was agreement that raising tariffs results in higher prices to the consumer for the specific product protected and in limited choices of products for consumers. Further, raising tariffs can cause a net loss of jobs in related industries, retaliation by U.S. and California trading partners, and violates the spirit of our trade agreements. Top Story
Tariff on Chinese Imports Clouds Trade/Investment Gathering
As President Donald R. Trump’s intention of imposing tariffs on $50 billion of exports from China loomed like a cloud, the Chinese Consul General, Ambassador Luo Linquan, hosted a reception and dinner for approximately 30 business leaders at his residence on Wednesday, March 21, 2018.The event focused on foreign direct investment into China, as well as China’s outward foreign direct investment, but the President’s pending actions were the dominant topic.
The Consulate-General of the People’s Republic of China in San Francisco, which also has responsibility for Nevada, Oregon, Washington and Alaska, covers 35% of U.S. trade with China.
Attending the March 21 dinner were Northern California government and business leaders. Representatives of several California Chamber of Commerce member companies were represented, in addition to Susanne T. Stirling, CalChamber vice president of international affairs. Top Story
Dinner Celebrates U.S.-China Trade Relations
(April 18, 2017) A dinner hosted by Chinese Consul General, Ambassador Luo Linquan last week celebrated recent trade talks between President Donald Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping.
Trump and Jinping agreed on a new 100-day plan for trade talks that will boost U.S. exports and reduce the United States’ trade deficit with China. See a PowerPoint on China’s economic performance from the event.
The Consulate-General of the People’s Republic of China in San Francisco, which also has responsibility for Nevada, Oregon, Washington and Alaska, covers 35% of U.S. trade with China.Attending the April 11 dinner were 30 Northern California government and business leaders. Several California Chamber of Commerce member companies were represented, in addition to Susanne Stirling, vice president of International Affairs for the CalChamber.
CalChamber Welcomes Visitors from Consulate General of China in San Francisco
On Wednesday, October 19, The Honorable Mengyuan (Mary) Hao, Vice Consul and The Honorable Yihang Yang, Economic and Commercial Counselor visited the CalChamber offices from the the Consulate General of China in San Francisco.
China Round-Table Dinner
On April 5, 2016 the Consul General of China in San Francisco, Ambassador Luo Linquan hosted a friendly “round-table” dinner to promote China-California relations. Mrs. Susanne Stirling, the CalChamber Vice President of International Affairs, attended the dinner together with other business and chamber representatives, and special guest Mayor Ed Lee to discuss the future of U.S.-China economic and business cooperation.
CalChamber Forum Gets Preview of Topics for U.S.-China Summit
(June 4, 2013) China’s quest to become a global science, technology and innovation leader was the subject of an international forum yesterday hosted by the California Chamber of Commerce and the California Council on Science and Technology.
Dr. Tai Ming Cheung, director of the Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation (IGCC) at the University of California, San Diego, touched on many topics that will be discussed later this week in Rancho Mirage, California when U.S. President Barack Obama and Chinese President Xi Jinping meet.
CalChamber President, Chinese Vice Minister: Foster Strong Ties Between California and China
(July 24, 2012) Fostering business and cultural relationships between the California business community and China was the focus when Chinese Vice Minister of Commerce Wang Chao and his delegation gathered at the California Chamber of Commerce International Luncheon Forum yesterday.
Chinese Vice Minister of Commerce Wang Chao (left) and CalChamber President and CEO Allan Zaremberg.
China – California trade Issues
(December 20, 2012) Mr. Rongquiang Yu visited with Mrs. Susanne Stirling of the California Chamber of Commerce.
They discussed several China – California trade issues, as well as Mr. Yu’s connections with the Chambers of commerce in Quinghai Province and Shandong Province, China.
Chinese Delegation Visits CalChamber
(June 20, 2012) A courtesy call was made by the San Francisco Chinese Consulate General on Wednesday, June 20, 2012, to discuss State – Province Cooperation between California and Chinese provinces, as well as, to introduce key members of the Chinese Enterprise Association – California
Key Country Contacts
- U.S. Commercial Service China
- California-China Office of Trade and Investment
- AmCham Shanghai Non-Resident Membership Options contact Karen.Yuen@amcham-shanghai.org
- AmCham China
- Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
- China Economic Net – “One Belt, One Road” Initiatives
- China Council for the Promotion of International Trade
- Export Now to China
- Trade Profile
- China Enterprise Council
- 2016 China Business Climate Survey Report
- China International Import Expo November 2018