U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA)

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CalChamber Reiterates Support for U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement
CalChamber, May 14, 2019

U.S., Mexico, Canada Sign New Trade Agreement
CalChamber, December 3, 2018

The New USMCA trade pact replaces NAFTA to Create ‘Freer’ and Fairer’ Economic Growth in Our Region

– Trade with Mexico and Canada Supports nearly 14 million American jobs.

– Since NAFTA entered into force, trade with Canada and Mexico has nearly quadrupled to $1.3 trillion.

– NAFTA helped U.S. agriculture exports to Canada and Mexico to increase by 350%

– Canada and Mexico buy more than 1/3 of U.S. merchandise exports

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The California Chamber of Commerce looks forward to learning more details of this agreement,
and to a completed trilateral free trade agreement including Canada that allows
for certainty for all parties involved and follows the path of Trade Promotion Authority.

Background

The CalChamber actively supported the creation of the North America Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) among the United States, Canada and Mexico, comprising almost 490 million people with combined annual trade with the United States being around $1.228 trillion in 2018. In 2018, goods exports totaled over $563.729 billion while goods imports totaled nearly $665 billion.

President Trump announced his intent to renegotiate NAFTA in May of 2017. The negotiations started shortly thereafter going through many rounds. In August of 2018, the U.S. and Mexico reached a preliminary agreement, while the U.S. continued separate negotiations with Canada. In October, Canada and the U.S. came to an agreement right before a self-imposed deadline, reassuring the deal would remain trilateral. The pact was rebranded the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA).

U.S.-Mexico-Canada Trade Agreement: Likely Impact on the U.S. Economy and on Specific Industry Sectors
International Trade Commission Report, April 2019

In May 2019, the US and Canada reached an agreement to remove Section 232 tariffs and subsequent retaliatory measures, clearing the way for USMCA ratification in Canada.

Time to Seal the Deal on USMCA
The Hill, May 23, 2019

2018 Updates to the Agreement

The USMCA deal improves access to Canada’s dairy market for U.S. farmers, giving U.S. exporters an estimated additional 3.59% market share. It also provides for stronger intellectual property provisions, and tighter rules of origin for auto production according to the Trump administration.

The Chapter 19 dispute-settlement mechanism remains untouched, as Canada fought for, although the investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) will be phased out for Canada and restricted to four areas for Mexico.

Canada also agreed to raise the threshold for applying duties to cross-border purchases, which was a key demand from the United States. The new de minimis level will be C$150 ($117 USD) for customs duties, up from C$20($15 USD).

Steel and aluminum tariffs imposed earlier this year will remain in effect and are being dealt with separately. However, an agreement in the new pact increases by 800,000 the number of passenger vehicles that come across the border from Canada without being subject to a likely 25% duty.

Benefits and Goals

CalChamber support for the USMCA is based on an assessment that it serves the employment, trading and environmental interests of California, the United States, Mexican and Canada, and is beneficial to the business community and society as a whole.

The objectives of the USMCA are to eliminate barriers to trade, promote conditions of fair competition, increase investment opportunities, provide adequate protection of intellectual property rights, establish effective procedures for implementing and applying the agreements and resolving disputes, and to further trilateral, regional and multilateral cooperation.

Anticipated Action

The CalChamber is hopeful that Congress will approve the new USCMA agreement, following the objectives and procedures of the Trade Promotion Authority.

The recently agreed upon U.S.-Mexico deal was written to last for 16 years, but would allow the countries involved to revise or modernize aspects of the deal every six years. The trilateral deal under the new USMCA, would be the same.

Originally, the CalChamber has opposed the proposed five-year sunset clause, as a forced re-examination of the pact on such a short time frame would cause uncertainty for all parties.

The USMCA was signed in Buenos Aires at the G20 Summit on November 30, 2018. The treaty must now be ratified/approved by all three nations. It is hoped the U.S. Congress will approve the USMCA in early 2019. However, President Trump has cautioned that he may pull the U.S. out of NAFTA within the next six months in order to push the new USMCA legislation towards action in Congress.

CalChamber Position

The CalChamber understands that the original NAFTA was negotiated more than 25 years ago, and, while our economy and businesses have changed considerably over that period, NAFTA has not. We agree with the premise that the United States should seek to support higher-paying jobs in the United States and to grow the U.S. economy by improving U.S. opportunities under the new USMCA.

The provisions of NAFTA with Mexico and Canada have been beneficial for U.S. industries, agricultural enterprises, farmers, ranchers, energy companies and automakers.

The CalChamber originally actively supported the creation of NAFTA among the United States, Canada and Mexico — now comprising almost 490 million people with combined annual trade with the United States being around $1.228 trillion in 2018.

The CalChamber’s longstanding support for NAFTA is based upon an assessment that it serves the employment, trading and environmental interests of California and the United States, as well as Canada and Mexico, and is beneficial to the business community and society as a whole. Since 1993, trade among the three NAFTA countries has nearly quadrupled.

Mexico and Canada are California’s largest and second largest export markets. A final approval of the new USCMA will benefit the California economy and jobs.

 

Related News

Resources

U.S. Trade Representative – USMCA

PASS USMCA

Fact Sheets

Modernizing NAFTA to Be a 21st Century Trade Agreement

Strengthening North American Trade in Agriculture

Agriculture: Market Access and Dairy Outcomes of the USMC Agreement

Rebalancing Trade to Support Manufacturing

USMCA State Fact Sheet: California