Trading Partner Portal: Brunei Darussalam
Brunei Darussalam is a high income and well educated country in Southeastern Asia. Brunei has a population of 428,9 people and a gross domestic product (GDP) of $13.56 billion, which makes it one of the highest GDPs per capita in the world. Brunei was a British protectorate until independence in 1984 and has vast natural gas and petroleum fields. In fact, Brunei’s largest exports are mineral fuels and organic chemicals. World Bank
The United States is Brunei Darussalam’s 4th largest exporter of goods. The US exported approximately $285 million worth of goods to Brunei in 2019, a significant decrease from 2016 when the US exported $614 million to the country. In 2019, 56.2% of US exports to Brunei was transportation equipment, which was valued around $160 million. Other major US exports to Brunei fall under the categories of non-electrical machinery, chemicals, and petroleum and coal products. US Department of Commerce
Brunei exports heavily to other countries in the Pacific that are closer geographically; including, Japan, South Korea, and Australia. Nevertheless, in 2019 the US imported approximately $41 million worth of goods from Brunei, a decrease from the 2018 level of $98 million, but higher than average in recent years nonetheless. The key imports were primary metal, reimports, apparel manufacturing products, and chemicals. US Department of Commerce
U.S. FDI into Brunei totaled $15 million in 2018 and FDI from Brunei into the U.S. totaled $703 million in the same year (Bureau of Economic Analysis).
Brunei Darussalam -California Trade
In the United States, California is one of 10 exporting and importing states to Brunei. In 2019, California exported roughly $6.14 million of goods to Brunei. Food manufactures made up 37.9% of total exported goods from California to Brunei ($2.3 million). Followed by computer products, non-electrical machinery, and fabricated metals. California imported $636,428 worth of goods form Brunei, down from $16.2 million in 2018. The main import was apparel manufacturing products which made up over 50% of the total. US Department of Commerce
Brunei has promoting private-sector influence in the economy, due to their major reliance on oil and gas. Brunei is attempting to stimulate growth through possible trade agreements and diversification of their economy.
Trade Agreements and Issues
The Trans-Pacific Partnership was signed by the participating countries, including the US and Brunei Darussalam, on February 4th, 2016. The deal signed in Auckland, New Zealand sets the rules for global trade in the Pacific region. The partnership aims to promote economic growth through the liberalization of trade, and create new opportunities for businesses and workers. For the U.S. specifically, TPP promises to bring American economic progress through increases in exports of American products, the creation of more American jobs, and overall benefits to the middle class. TPP would eliminate over 18,000 taxes on American manufactured products and include strong environmental and worker protections in the agreement.