Trading Partner Portal: Hong Kong


Trade Overview

usa_hongkong_ca_flagsHong Kong is highly ranked in several leading surveys on competitiveness, financial development, economic freedom, and ease of doing business. Hong Kong was ranked as number one in the Milken Institute’s Global Opportunity Index and the International Institute for Management Development (IMD) World Competitiveness Yearbook 2016, and ranked as the third easiest place to do business on the World Bank’s “Doing Business 2015” report. In 2012, Hong Kong was the world’s 9th largest trading entity and the busiest air cargo hub, according to the Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office in San Francisco. In addition, Hong Kong has been ranked as the freest economy in 2013 for the 20th consecutive year by the Heritage Foundation.

California Top Export CountriesThe United States has substantial economic ties with Hong Kong. A report done by the U.S. State Department in February 2015 indicates that there are some 1,400 U.S. firms  and approximately 85,000 U.S. residents in Hong Kong. Another 1.2 million people visited Hong Kong last year from the U.S. The latest available figures on U.S. direct investment in Hong Kong show investment at about $64 billion, making the United States one of Hong Kong’s largest investors.

Trade between the United States and Hong Kong has been multiplying in the last few years, with a growth in U.S. exports from $21.1 billion in 2009 to $37.45 billion in 2018. Total trade between the United States and Hong Kong totaled $43.76 billion in 2018, according to the U.S. Department of Commerce.

Hong Kong is the sixth largest export destination for California, which exported approximately $9.9 billion in goods to Hong Kong in 2018. The top category of California exports to Hong Kong was computer and electronic products (50.6 percent), totaling $5 billion. Miscellaneous manufactured commodities, agricultural products, and food manufacturers were the other top California export categories to Hong Kong, representing 15.2 percent, 11.2 percent and 5.6 percent respectively.

In 2016, total FDI stock in the US from Hong Kong totaled $15.19 billion in 2016 and FDI in Hong Kong from the US totaled $65.6 billion. Hong Kong FDI in the US supported 32,900 jobs and invested $11.1 billion in research and development and another $762 million in expanding US exports. The top industry sectors for Hong Kong FDI in the US were: textiles, consumer products, industrial machinery, hotels and tourism, food and tobacco, and business services. Select USA

In 2017, FDI based off balance of payments and direct investment position from the U.S. into Hong Kong totaled $81 billion, while Hong Kong FDI into the U.S. totaled $11 billion.

U.S. Department of Commerce

US Census Bureau Trade in Goods – Hong Kong

WTO Trade Profile – Hong Kong

WTO Trade Review 2014 – Hong Kong

Characteristics of travelers from Hong Kong to California – 2013
Visit California

U.S. – Hong Kong Wine Agreement

Commerce Secretary Gary Locke Signs Agreement Promoting U.S. Wines in Hong Kong and AsiaMay 17, 2010

California vintners thirsty for a taste of China’s booming wine marketLos Angeles Times, May 25, 2010

World Competitiveness Yearbook 2013 names Hong Kong as the third most competitive economy, after the USA and Switzerland. The Yearbook, ranks the ability of economies across the world to create and maintain an environment that sustains the competitiveness of enterprises therein. The report selected 59 economies for ranking.



Hong Kong-California Ties Subject of Recent Meeting at CalChamber, March 17, 2017

Trade, investment and innovation were topics of discussion on March 14 when representatives of the Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office stopped by the California Chamber of Commerce.

Hong Kong Commissioner Speaks on Trade Opportunities for California Business

(From left to right) The Honorable Clement C.M. Leung, Hong Kong commissioner to the U.S.; and Mrs. Margaret Wong, president and CEO of McWong International, and member of the CalChamber Board.

The Hong Kong commissioner to the United States, Clement C. M. Leung, JP, highlighted the numerous trade opportunities and advantages Hong Kong offers to California businesses at a California Chamber of Commerce international luncheon forum on February 6, 2014.

The event was attended by Assembly members Travis Allen (R-Huntington Beach), Brian Jones (R-Santee), and Sebastian Ridley-Thomas (D-Los Angeles); representatives from the Governor’s Office of Business and Economic Development (GO-Biz); and representatives from the U.S. Department of Commerce and U.S. Commercial Service.

Leung introduced Hong Kong as a “place where the East meets the West,” a launching pad both for U.S. businesses looking to enter the Asia market and for Chinese enterprises, which are venturing out onto the global stage.

Hong Kong Commissioner

(From left to right) Mr. C.T. Wong, deputy director, Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office; Mr. Rick Fowler, president and CEO of The Community College Foundation, and member of the CalChamber Board; Mrs. Margaret Wong, president and CEO of McWong International, and member of the CalChamber Board; The Honorable Clement C.M. Leung, Hong Kong commissioner to the U.S.; Mrs. Susanne Stirling, CalChamber international affairs VP; and Ms. Subrina Chow, director of the Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office

International Luncheon Forum: US/CA – Hong Kong Relations

Donald Tong, Hong Kong commissioner and CalChamber President Allan Zaremberg.

(February 23, 2010) Despite the recent global recession, Hong Kong has turned doldrums into opportunities by making duty-free wine a key catalyst for economic prosperity, Hong Kong Commissioner Donald Tong said yesterday.

Tong spoke at a Sacramento international luncheon forum hosted by the California Chamber of Commerce and the Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office in San Francisco. He discussed how Hong Kong, a special administrative region of the People’s Republic of China, has managed to preserve its commitment to free market principles and competitive spirit while dealing with the slow economy.

In 2008, Hong Kong removed duty off wine, making it the first duty-free wine port among major economies.

“Removal of wine duties certainly helps encourage more locals and tourists to drink in Hong Kong, but this measure was introduced with a much bigger objective in mind: The development of Hong Kong into a hub for wine-related business,” Tong said.

Presented By

The California Chamber of Commerce
Council for International Trade