Trading Partner Portal: Belgium


Trade Overview

usa-belgium-ca_flagsBelgium is a high income nation with a gross domestic product (GDP) of $492.7 billion. As a relatively small country, Belgium is comparatively dense with a population roughly 11.35 million people.  World Bank

Being in Western Europe and a member of the European Union, has allowed Belgium to establish strong trade relationships. Belgium has been a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO) since 1995 and before that was a member of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) since 1948. Belgium’s main exports are chemicals, machinery, and equipment. They are also large importers of raw materials, machinery, and equipment. In addition, they are a substantial importer of raw diamonds and an exporter of finished diamonds. BEA

Belgium is the 14th largest export destination for the United States, with exports in goods totaling approximately $31.4 billion. A majority of exports from the Unites States into Belgium include chemicals, miscellaneous manufactured commodities, and non-electrical machinery. The United States imports around $17.19 billion of merchandise from Belgium. The top categories of imported goods from Belgium include chemicals, miscellaneous manufacture goods, petroleum and coal products, and re-imports. US Department of Commerce 

Total stock of foreign direct investment (FDI) into the United States from Belgium totalled $55.9 billion in 2016 and supported 150,400 jobs in the United States. $375 million went to investing in research and development and another $1.9 billion went to expanding U.S. exports. The top industry sectors in the US that receive FDI from Belgium are: software and IT services, chemicals, plastics, ceramics and glass, business services, and metals. Select USA.

FDI from Belgium into the U.S. in 2017 totaled $103.4 billion, while FDI from the U.S. into Belgium totaled $54.9 billion in the same year. Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce

Belgium-California Trade

California is one of the top five states in the US for exports to Belgium with $2.8billion in goods exported in 2018. Miscellaneous manufactured commodities were the top export to Belgium at $774 million and 27.5% of the total. Chemicals, which constituted 19.4% and $545 million of all goods exported to Belgium from California. Other key Californian exports to Belgium are computer and electronic products and non-electrical machinery. Furthermore, California imports roughly $728 million of goods from Belgium; including, transportation equipment, food, chemicals, and used merchandise. US Department of Commerce


Trade Agreements

Trade Agreements and Issues

Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP)

Belgium is one of the nations that is currently involved in negotiations for the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) with the rest of the European Union and the United States. The United States and the European Union have a strong bilateral trade relationship totaling $698.7 billion in 2015. A free trade agreement, such as TTIP, desires to strengthen that relationship by eliminating tariffs, aligning compatible regulations to open trade, and furthering trade in the service sector.

Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership

USTR Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership




Belgium Consul General Reviews Trade/ Investment with CalChamber 2009


Consul General Geert M. Criel with the Consulate General of Belgium in Los Angeles, visits with Susanne Stirling, CalChamber vice president of international affairs, as part of a February 11 stop in Sacramento to meet with government officials, private sector companies and business associations to discuss trade and investment opportunities. California exports more than $2 billion to Belgium with a 36 percent increase of computer and electronic exports last year.